The English Bill of Rights is an Act of Parliament, which was signed into law in 1689 by Mary II and William III who co-ruled England after overthrowing King James II. It is a milestone document since it subjected the monarch to the rule of law in addition to giving the parliament powers over the monarchy. In other words, the English Bill of Rights is the primary law that established a constitutional monarchy in England. Below are some essential things you should know about the English Bill of Right as explained by our Law tutors in London.
The English Bill of Rights - Contents
The English Bill of Rights contains the following main items;
A list of the wrongdoings committed by King James
Some thirteen articles outlining specific individual rights and freedoms
Confirmation that Mary II and William III were the legitimate successors of the throne of England
In a nutshell, the law elevated the status of parliament, limited the powers of the monarchy, and specified individual’s rights.
Some of the fundamental rights and liberties included in the bill include freedom to elect members of parliament, freedom of speech in the parliament, freedom to petition the king, freedom from cruel treatment, and freedom to bear arms for the purpose of self-defence among others.
Public law in the United Kingdom consists of tax law, constitutional law, and criminal law. If you venture into public law, you may be required to specialize in one of these areas. Although these branches are seemingly different, they all deal with issues between the state and individuals. On the other hand, private law is made up of a wide range of areas in law including the following:
The English Bill of Rights is credited for establishing the constitutional monarchy in England. In the constitutional monarchy, the queen or the king is the head of state, but their powers are limited by the law.
In other words, the monarchy can only rule with the consent of the parliament. Under the current British Constitutional Monarchy, the role of the queen or the king is largely ceremonial.
The Bottom Line
Overall, it is apparent that the English Bill of Rights is one of the most critical documents in the evolution of the British Legal System. If you would like to learn more about the English Bill of Rights, get yourself a professional law tutor from Advanced Law Tutors