As a law student, one of the fundamentals of your study is understanding how the criminal trial proceedings are handled, from its inception to when a sentence is passed. Your law tutor London will be able to guide you through the procedure of a criminal trial, which is essential in preparing you as a criminal law student for the actual real-life scenario.
The stages in a criminal trial
The stages of all criminal law trials are the same and follow a certain prescribed pattern. A majority of criminal trials take place before a magistrate’s court. The procedure of a criminal trial involves the following;
Pre-trial reviews- this occurs before the initiation of the actual hearing and involves ironing out any legal issues arising before the hearing begins.
The actual trial- this has laid out procedures with various stages.
The stages include;
The charges are read to the defendant by the presiding judge
Plea taking- once the charges are read out, the defendant will be required to plead guilty or not guilty. A not guilty plea results in an adjournment for a tree-trial hearing. A guilty plea might result in immediate sentencing or sentencing done on a later date in serious offenses.
Opening speech by the prosecution
Presentation of the evidence by the prosecution followed by the cross-examination of the prosecution evidence by the defense team
Submission of no case to answer in instances where the defense is not satisfied or has discredited the presented evidence
The defense case- the defense presents their case in favor of the defendant
Closing speeches- the defense has the privilege of having the “last word” as they close the proceedings with a speech
The verdict- the judge retires to consider the verdict.
Sentencing- the judge will pass the sentence
Criminal forfeiture - Conclusion
A law tutor will ensure that as a criminal law student, you get the knowledge and a deep understanding of the procedure of a criminal trial.